Every family has unique challenges when planning for the future, and every family needs to consider its individual beneficiaries in an honest light, even when the view isn’t pretty. Concerns may range from adults with substance abuse problems, an inability to make good decisions, or siblings with worrisome marriages. These situations can be addressed through estate planning documents, says the article “Estate Planning for ‘Black Sheep’ Beneficiaries” from Kiplinger.
How can you prepare your estate when troubled child has grown into a problematic adult?
1. You have the option of not dividing your estate equally to beneficiaries.
Disinheriting a beneficiary occurs for a variety of reasons and is more common than you might think. If you have already given one child a down payment on a home, while another has gone through two divorces, you may want to make plans for one child to receive their share of the inheritance through a trust to protect them.
A family member who is disabled may benefit from a more generous inheritance than a successful sibling—although that inheritance must be structured properly if the disabled person is to continue receiving support from government programs.
No matter the reason for unequal distributions, discuss the reasons for the difference in your estate plan with your family, or if your estate planning attorney advises it, include a discussion of your reasons in a document. This protects your plan against any claims against the estate and may prevent hard feelings between siblings.
2. You can change your mind about your estate plan if your ‘troubled child’ gets his life together.
A regular evaluation of your estate plan—every three or four years, or whenever big life events occur—is always recommended. If your troubled child finds his footing and you want to change how he is treated in your estate plan, you can do that.
3. Your estate plan can include incentives, even after you are gone.
Specific provisions in a trust can be used to reward behavior. An incentive trust sets certain goals that must be met before funds are distributed, from completing college to maintaining employment or even to going through rehabilitation. Many estate plans stagger the distribution of funds, so heirs receive distributions over time, rather than all at once. An example: 1/3 at age 25, 1/2 at age 30 and the balance at age 40. This prevents the beneficiary from squandering all of the inheritance at once. Ideally, as financial skills grow, so the beneficiary is better equipped to preserve a large sum at age 40.
4. Trusts are not that complicated, and their administration is not overly difficult.
People think trusts are for the wealthy only or are complicated and expensive. None of that is true. Trusts are excellent tools, considered the “Swiss Army Knife” of estate planning. Your estate planning attorney can craft trusts that will help you control how money flows to heirs, protect a special needs individual, minimize taxes and create a legacy. For families who have one or more “troubled children,” the trust is a perfect tool to protect your loved ones from themselves and their life choices.
Reference: Kiplinger (Dec. 8, 2020) “Estate Planning for ‘Black Sheep’ Beneficiaries”