The simple answer is yes, a living trust can be the beneficiary of a Roth IRA. However, without knowing more about an individual’s specific circumstances, it’s hard to know if this is a wise move.
A November 2018 article from NJ Money Help entitled, “Be careful when choosing a beneficiary,” explains that there are several things you need to know when considering a living trust as the beneficiary of a Roth IRA.
By designating a living trust as your beneficiary, the distributions from the Roth at your death will become mandatory based on the life expectancy of the oldest beneficiary named in the trust.
This is an important point if you’re currently married because you’ll forfeit the ability for a spousal rollover by naming the trust as your beneficiary.
Current law permits IRAs to be passed to a spouse as a beneficiary, and the spousal beneficiary can treat the account as if it was their own IRA.
In the case of a Roth IRA, this means the surviving spouse can continue to defer distributions tax-free for their lifetime.
By naming the living trust as beneficiary, this benefit is lost no matter if your spouse is one of the living trust beneficiaries.
Distributions are required to begin immediately if the beneficiary is anyone other than a spouse. IRAs, even though they go to your spouse, are not your spouse and therefore cannot be treated as such.
Thus, you would forgo the ability to allow the funds to continue to grow tax-free for a longer period of time. This ability could be crucial for anyone starting Medicaid planning.
You should talk about this with an experienced estate planning attorney. He or she will be able to look at your entire financial situation before you determine if this is a wise move for you.
Reference: NJ Money Help (Nov. 2018) “Be careful when choosing a beneficiary”